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financing mergers & acquisitions

6 Methods of Financing Mergers & Acquisitions

Mergers and Acquisitions are parts of the natural cycle of business. A merger or acquisition can help a business expand, gather knowledge, move into a new market segment, or improve output. However, these opportunities come with expenses for both sides. Standard merger deals typically involve administrators, lawyers, and investment bankers even before the total acquisition cost is considered. Without a virtual Data Room and a sizable amount of cash on hand, a company will have to find alternate methods of Financing M&A. Below is a detailed look at the best financing options available today as well as information on the ones to avoid.

Exchanging Stocks

financing m&aThis is the most common way to finance a merger or acquisition. If a company wishes to acquire or merge with another, it is to be assumed the company has plentiful stock and a solid balance sheet. In the average exchange, the buying company exchanges its stock for shares of the seller’s company. This financing option is relatively safe as the parties share risks equally. This payment method works to the buyer’s advantage if the stock is overvalued. Here, the buyer will receive more stock from the seller than if they’d paid in cash. However, there’s always the risk of a stock decline, especially if traders learn about the merger or acquisition before the deal is finalized.

Debt Acquisition

Agreeing to take on a seller’s debt is a viable alternative to paying in cash or stock. For many firms, debt is a driving force behind a sale, as subpar market conditions and high interest costs make it impossible to catch up on payments. In such circumstances, the debtor’s priority is to reduce the risk of additional losses by entering into a merger or acquisition with a company that can pay the debt. From a creditor’s standpoint, this is a cheap way to acquire assets. From the seller’s point of view, sale value is reduced or eliminated. When a company acquires a large quantity of another company’s debt, it has greater management capabilities during liquidation. This can be a significant incentive for a creditor who wants to restructure the company or take possession of assets such as business contacts or property.

Paying in Cash

A cash payment is an obvious alternative to paying in stock. Cash transactions are clean, instantaneous, and do not require the same high level of management as stock transactions. Cash value is less dependent on a company’s performance except in cases involving multiple currencies. Exchange rates may vary substantially, as seen in the market’s response to the British pound after the UK voted to leave the European Union. While cash is the preferred payment method, the price of a merger or acquisition can run into the billions, making the cost too high for many companies.

Initial Public Offerings

mergers & acquisitionsAn initial public offering, or IPO, is an excellent way for a company to raise funds at any time, but an impending merger or acquisition is an ideal time to carry out the process. The prospect of an M&A can make investors excited about the future of a company, as it points to a solid long-term strategy and the desire to expand. An IPO always creates excitement in the market and, by pairing it with an M&A, a company can spur investors’ interests and increase the early price of shares. Additionally, increasing an IPO’s value with a merger or acquisition can increase existing share prices. However, market volatility makes this a risky way to finance a venture. The market can drop as quickly as it rises, and a new company is more susceptible to volatility. For these reasons, the popularity of the IPO is declining with each passing fiscal year.

Issuance of Bonds

Corporate bonds are a simple, quick way to raise cash from current shareholders or the general public. A company may release time-definite bonds with a predetermined interest rate. In buying a bond, an investor loans money to the company in hopes of a return, but bonds have one big disadvantage: once they’re bought, the money can’t be used until the bond’s maturation date. The security makes bonds popular with long-term, risk-averse investors. Today, companies are taking advantage of low U.S. interest rates to fund M&A. However, the trend is tied closely to the cost of borrowing, and bond issuance is only a good value if the buyer can cheaply access credit and has a clear goal.

Loans

It can be costly to borrow money during a merger or acquisition. Lenders and owners who agree to an extended payment arrangement will expect a reasonable rate for the loans they make. Even when interest is relatively low, costs can quickly add up during a multimillion-dollar M&A. Interest rates are a primary consideration when funding a merger with debt, and a low rate can increase the number of loan-funded transactions.

In Conclusion

Where cash is not an option, there are many other ways to finance a merger or acquisition, many of which result in an effortless, lucrative, and quick transaction. The best method for a firm to use depends on the buyer and the seller, their respective share situations, asset values, and debt liabilities. Each method of funding a merger or acquisition comes with its own hidden fees, commitments, and risks, and it is the buyer’s and seller’s responsibility to practice Due Diligence during a transaction. However, for most companies, the results make all the effort worthwhile by creating a more diverse, stronger firm that can cover the cost of M&A with funds to spare.

Virtual Deal Room

The Basics of the Virtual Deal Room

With the increasing prevalence of the virtual Deal Room as a merger and acquisition tool, there’s more of a need to understand the role of Data Rooms in the M&A process. Equally important is the need for those involved in mergers and acquisitions to learn how to set them up properly and maximize their effectiveness. In this guide, potential clients can learn about setting up a virtual deal room for an M&A transaction.

The Role of the Data Room in Mergers and Acquisitions

A virtual deal room is an online repository where information is stored and accessed through documents. This method of storage and document sharing is designed mainly for mergers, acquisitions, IPOs, due diligence, and other uses involving buyers’ and sellers’ sensitive information. In the context of M&A, Virtual Data Rooms serve as a placeholder for information related to divisions, units, and companies being acquired. Everyone involved in these Mergers & Acquisitions has access to this sensitive information, while all other parties are excluded.

Virtual Deal Rooms Can Reduce Costs

Maintaining a physical deal room can be costly. Someone must be paid to keep the facility clean and provide security and to print, move, and copy documents. With a virtual Deal Room, costs can be cut because it requires a smaller maintenance crew. In a similar way, moving to and from the physical data room’s location can be expensive, especially for remotely located deal rooms. With virtual deal rooms, the expense and hassle are substantially reduced.

Data Rooms Increase Corporate Efficiency

virtual deal room increase efficiencyIn the traditional M&A environment, obtaining permission to access, view, copy, and print information can take time. It’s a tedious and time-consuming process to find the information a client needs in a room full of file cabinets, and the difficulty can be compounded when multiple parties need access to the information at the same time. Because everything is done online in a virtual Deal Room, it’s easy to disseminate important information to different parties with just a few clicks. Faster access is one of the main reasons why virtual deal rooms have become increasingly popular.

Virtual Rooms Offer Additional Security

A virtual room is designed with various security features to ensure controlled access and confidentiality. Only involved parties are allowed to access the data within the deal room, and various clearance levels are maintained. The online environment makes it easier to track and monitor viewing, logging, and other forms of access. The client has complete control over how information is shared.

Convenience and Comfort

Traveling to and from a physical location to retrieve information can be expensive and inconvenient. With a virtual Deal Room, clients can The Basics of the Virtual Deal Room with a stable broadband internet connection. The best data room companies work to protect clients’ sensitive data with state of the art technologies.

Trends in Merger and Acquisition Data Rooms

The virtual data room has progressed significantly from its initial incarnation, which was used primarily for legal due diligence. Subsequent updates have added many capabilities to deal rooms, turning them into a medium to conduct an M&A from start to finish. A 2014 report showed that there are over 240 virtual Deal Room providers available, making it a multimillion-dollar revenue stream.

A Variety of Tech-Based Features and Functions

M&A virtual data rooms are becoming more advanced with the inclusion of features geared toward higher-efficiency due diligence. Some examples are:

  • Dynamic indexing, which is useful when uploading or rearranging out-of-sequence documents.
  • Flexible file formatting accommodates formats such as Word, JPEG, GIF, PDF, and others. This saves time because it eliminates the need to convert files just for storage purposes.
  • Question and answer functions, which are useful when buyers need to verify the data room’s contents with sellers. Where inquiries over the phone or through email would take time, today’s questions can be routed through the data room to save time and money.
  • Restricted usage, which can keep certain documents under wraps while others can be accessed. Contingent restrictions can be permitted. For instance, one set of users can be allowed to view documents, but not copy or print them.

Setting Up a Virtual Data Room in a Merger or Acquisition

Virtual data rooms can be set up internally or externally. With an internal data room, the seller provides and oversees the room. External rooms are outsourced to third-party providers. Many businesses resort to full or partial outsourcing, and they must compile documents such as:

  • Financial statements and reports
  • Corporate books
  • Employee paperwork
  • Agreements and contracts
  • Insurance policies and legal documents
  • A list of assets

Whether done externally or internally, the steps to set up a data room are the same. For the purposes of this guide, however, assume that the client is hiring an external vendor to manage the storage of important data during a merger or acquisition.

Keeping it Simple

Companies should set up a virtual deal room that suits the purpose, and managers should consider that a user may not have the same level of familiarity with the system. Here, a simple interface can work to everyone’s advantage. However, it’s important to include useful functions where possible. When companies choose reliable Virtual Deal Room providers, they can be assured that their sensitive information is safe and easily accessible during mergers and acquisitions. By learning more about the process, clients can choose a provider that offers the services and security they need at a reasonable price.